By Rachel R. Mueller on June 25 2018 08:09:47

Children usually start to learn about decimals in Year 4. The first thing children need to know is that a decimal is A PART of a whole. A good way to explain this is to show them an empty hundred number square / chart.

As well as a printed blank hundred square, another way to visualise decimals is to make a decimal stick. Get a cane or long stick, place with tape a number 1 to the right hand end, then a 0 to the left. Ask them now to place 0.5 in the middle, then together work out where all the other decimal points should go.

Children may find the easiest way to work this out is by using the column method, where all the numbers are placed in a column, one on top of the other. It is vital that they remember that the decimal points of each number must line up. Once they’ve worked out using pencil and paper, let them check on a calculator as using decimals accurately on a calculator is an important real life skill too.

In KS2 children are taught that decimals are another way of writing fractions. The hundred number square is a really good way of showing children the equivalence between fractions and decimals.

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